Creating Biomedical Technologies to Improve Health



Science Highlights • August 28, 2008
Needle biopsies to track the progress of liver disease may find their way to medical history books if progress continues with a new imaging technique called magnetic resonance elastography (MRE). Based on magnetic resonance imaging and developed by Mayo Clinic researchers, MRE gives data-rich pictures of the liver so clinicians can see areas of scar tissue development called fibrosis
Science Highlights • July 31, 2008
To monitor tumor response to therapy without the need for painful biopsies and harmful scanning, scientists created a device that can capture circulating tumor cells from a small volume of blood. Analyzing the number and genetic profile of these cells will help doctors make an early diagnosis as well as treatment decisions and adjustments.
Grantee News • July 23, 2008
Newly developed MIT software will help to allay patients' fears about who has access to their confidential records, facilitating the use of that data for medical research. In the July 24 issue of the journal BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, a team of MIT researchers describes a computer program capable of automatically deleting details from medical records that may identify patients, while leaving important medical information intact.
Science Highlights • June 27, 2008
A new device, the size of a cell phone, may hold the key to better monitoring of sleep. Developed by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, the device provides a three-dimensional map of sleep quality at a fraction of the time and cost required in a traditional sleep lab.
Grantee News • June 18, 2008
Customized microscopic magnets that might one day be injected into the body could add color to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), while also potentially enhancing sensitivity and the amount of information provided by images, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and National Institutes of Health (NIH) report.
Science Highlights • May 28, 2008
To fully realize the promise of personalized medicine, researchers and clinicians need tools to track the body’s response to both disease progression and therapy. A novel PET/MRI imaging system developed by a University of California, Davis-led team may be poised to overtake PET/CT as the workhorse of cancer, cardiovascular, and brain imaging studies.
Science Highlights • April 29, 2008
Researchers at the University of California, Davis have developed a dedicated breast CT scanner that provides three-dimensional images of the breast that are comparable to mammograms and does so without the discomfort sometimes associated with the conventional technique.
Science Highlights • March 31, 2008
Unchecked, a rare lung disease – idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) – leads to heart failure and death. Understanding the mechanism that promotes thickening of the pulmonary artery is a key to arresting the disease’s progress. Using a new nanoscale platform developed by a team at the University of Pennsylvania and Johns Hopkins University, researchers are beginning to examine how cells in IPAH patients differ from normal individuals and how they respond to the application of external forces.
Science Highlights • February 29, 2008
Disease and injuries damage cartilage in joints, resulting in painful and restricted movement. A Johns Hopkins University research team is developing new techniques for cartilage repair that rely on adhesives.
Science Highlights • January 31, 2008
A simple and inexpensive optical technique developed by a team at Vanderbilt University may help researchers arrest the growth of cataracts in aging eyes, as well as provide a powerful tool to diagnose disease. Based on backscatter interferometry, the device provides quick readouts 10,000 times more sensitive than conventional molecular surveillance methods.