Creating Biomedical Technologies to Improve Health



Science Highlights • April 29, 2005
A new brain database and atlas may answer some of the most vexing questions about how the brain works. Image warping techniques allow investigators to compare individual brains with populations of healthy or diseased brains.
Science Highlights • March 30, 2005
Synchrotron X-ray footprinting coupled with 3-D computer modeling yields unprecedented insight into the molecular interaction of two viral molecules responsible for causing colds and pinkeye.
Science Highlights • March 1, 2005
Transdermal patches—medicated adhesive pads placed on the skin that release drugs gradually for up to a week—have been available in the U.S. for more than 20 years. The first transdermal patch, approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 1979, delivered scopolamine to treat motion sickness. Since then, more than 35 transdermal patch products have been approved. Examples include the nicotine patch that helps people quit smoking, the lidocaine patch for relieving pain, and a patch containing hormone derivatives for preventing pregnancy.
Science Highlights • February 28, 2005
Materials scientists have teamed up with medical researchers to develop a novel way to deliver a deadly payload to cancer cells. The new technique caused 40 percent of prostate tumors in mice to shrink in initial experiments.
Science Highlights • January 28, 2005
A bioengineered material now plays a crucial role in treating conditions ranging from incontinence to burns.
Science Highlights • December 15, 2004
Robotic technology may accelerate the rehabilitation process and reduce the costs of physical therapy for individuals whose arms are paralyzed as a result of stroke.
Science Highlights • November 8, 2004
A new fiber optic probe plugs into a biopsy needle and takes advantage of the important differences between how malignant and benign tissue respond to light. The device may improve the accuracy of conventional needle biopsies.
Science Highlights • October 21, 2004
Hard wiring the brain? Almost. Brain computer interface technologies that capture electrical brain waves as individuals imagine performing certain activities and translate the waves into computer commands will soon allow patients to operate word-processing programs, and perhaps even electric wheelchairs or robotic arms.
Science Highlights • September 21, 2004
A biodegradable polymer may reduce the extent of arterial injuries and repeat blockage seen with rigid metal stents used to treat coronary artery disease.
Science Highlights • August 2, 2004
A liquid polymer gel that can be poured into torn cartilage tissue may offer a new approach to healing worn out joints. Tested on rabbits, the gel adapts to the shape of the tear and becomes the scaffolding for the body’s own cartilage cells to make new tissue.