|This program supports research on the use of novel image-directed technologies for guidance, navigation, tissue differentiation, and disease identification for reaching specified targets during therapeutic procedures, which may range along the continuum from non-invasive to minimally invasive to open surgical interventions. These technologies may range from molecular to macroscopic scale levels.|
Overall emphasis is on the engineering of novel image-guided interventions to improve outcomes of interventional procedures. In addition, emphasis includes technologies that expand needed procedural access for individuals otherwise excluded by disease characteristics, co-morbidities, and other parameters.
Image-guided interventions may use supporting technologies relevant to other NIBIB-supported program areas, including but not limited to:
- Various imaging technologies
- Biomaterials and Biomolecular Constructs program
- Biosensors and Physiological Detectors program
- Image Processing and Visual Perception program. Examples include image-guided interventions for non-invasive procedures, minimally invasive procedures, open surgery, and radiation treatment such as:
- guidance for focused ultrasound treatment
- navigation for minimally invasive needle biopsy
- intraprocedural delineation of tumor margins
Note that image-guided interventions may support operator-directed, non-robotic procedures as well as robotic procedures.
Areas of priority include development of real-time or near real-time novel image-guided technologies, with robust procedural direction or a robust receiver operating characteristic curve. In addition, cost-efficient technologies, appropriate for low resource settings, and/ or applicable to multiple types of interventions are strongly encouraged.