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Nuclear Medicine

This program supports the research and development of technologies and techniques that create images using gamma-ray (SPECT) or positron (PET) emissions from radioactive biological agents that are injected, inhaled, or ingested into the body.

Emphasis

The emphasis is on: simulation and development of new detectors, collimators, and readout methods that enhance the signal quality of detecting isotope emissions; designs of novel camera geometries; and correction methods that compensate for the radiation physics properties to improve the clinical reliability of the image. Of interest are improvements and corrections for interaction events in PET detectors and enhancement to time of flight (TOF) image generation methods (reconstructions algorithms); as well as new collimator and camera designs for SPECT.

Relevance

The emphasized topics are meant to lead toward: improved clinical PET and SPECT cameras or next-generation camera systems; novel simulations, reconstruction algorithms, or artifact corrections for enhancing diagnostic images; and combined camera designs. Investigating the associated dosimetry estimations leads to decreased risk in diagnostic imaging studies in patients.

Additional emphasis

  • coupling of positron emission tomography (PET) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to CT and/or to MRI (or other modalities)
  • evaluation of new semiconductor detectors and scintillators
  • readout electronics for measuring radiation interactions
  • techniques for improved camera spatial resolution and sensitivity
  • replacing photomultiplier tubes with novel photoconversion techniques 
  • new approaches for improving coincidence measurements for TOF-PET
  • application of secondary emissions (bremsstrahlung, Cherenkov) for imaging
  • novel camera designs applicable to imaging specific organs
  • combining modalities for clinically relevant hybrid systems
  • software algorithms to estimate patient dosimetry

Additional support

  • design of improved spatial and temporal resolution SPECT systems
  • methods of measuring and correcting for patient motion
  • new diagnostics applied to image-guided therapy and theranostics
  • development of imaging molecular agents is supported by the Molecular Imaging program
  • novel evaluation of images is supported by the Image Processing, Visual Perception and Display program
  • clinical application of image-guided therapy and theranostics is supported by the Image-Guided Interventions program
 
Grant Number Project Title Principal Investigator Institution
1-R01-EB028091-01A1 High spatial resolution dedicated head and neck PET system based on cadmium zinc telluride detectors Shiva Abbaszadeh University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
1-R01-EB026995-01 Development of 7-T MR-compatible TOF-DOI PET Detector and System Technology for the Human Dynamic Neurochemical Connectome Scanner Ciprian Catana Massachusetts General Hospital
1-R01-EB026991-01 Enabling Multi-Tracer SPECT Studies of the Human Brain Todd Peterson Vanderbilt University Medical Center
1-R01-EB026988-01 Imaging the D2/A2A Heterodimer with PET Robert Mach University of Pennsylvania
1-R01-EB026964-01 A TOF, DOI, MRI compatible PET detector to support sub-millimeter neuroPET imaging Robert Miyaoka University of Washington
5-R01-EB002117-17 High Resolution PET Detectors for Oncology Applications Thomas Lewellen University of Washington
5-R03-EB025533-02 Potential of Cerenkov Radiation for Fast Timing of TlBr Semiconductor Detectors for PET Gerard Ariño Estrada University of California at Davis
1-R03-EB026800-01 Acceleration techniques for SimSET SPECT simulations Robert Miyaoka University of Washington
1-R03-EB027343-01 Tileable DOI/TOF capable PET detector unit with flexible sampling/digital architecture for data acquisition? Chien-Min Kao University of Chicago
5-R21-EB024849-02 Selenium Solid-State Photomultiplier (Se-SSPM): Towards a Low-Cost MR-Compatible Time-Of-Flight PET Amirhossein Goldan State University New York Stony Brook